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Linguistic map of Europe by 1Blomma Linguistic map of Europe by 1Blomma
Linguistic map of Europe as of today. Striped areas indicate several mother tongues in the region. For example, Brussels is a majority-French city, shown striped French and Dutch because of the Dutch minority residing there.


Edit on January 5th (I followed some of your suggestions)

-Added Occitan
-Added German minority in Silesia
-Added Italian (Corsican) on Corsica
-Added English in Malta
-Grouped Ladin and Friulan together
-Changed the colour of Greek to better distinguish it from Arabic
-Increased the size from 2300x2000 to 2800x2400
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:iconjchrisviv:
jchrisviv Featured By Owner Feb 5, 2018
Ukraine needs attending to and probably will need to be depicted like Cyprus?  Russian or Ukrainian language is central here to Eastern Ukraine; Crimea is actually part of Russia now, I guess just as much as eastern Cyprus is recognised as part of Turkey?   
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:iconfrankcranmer:
FrankCranmer Featured By Owner Feb 4, 2018
Fascinating map. One suggestion - you've missed out Ulster-Scots: see www.ulsterscotsagency.com/what…
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:iconlepap163:
lepap163 Featured By Owner Feb 4, 2018
THERE IS NOT STATE WITH THE NAME 'MACEDONIA' AND 'MACEDONIAN' LANGUAGE. THERE IS ONLY SKOPJE AND ITS SLAVIC LANGUAGE. IN NORTHERN GREECE WE SPEAK ONLY ONLY GREEK. WHERE IS THE GREEK ISLAND OF KASTELORIZO???? PLEASE CORRECT THE TRAGIC MISTAKES!!!
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:icontwidmann:
twidmann Featured By Owner Jan 31, 2018  New Deviant
Have you got any guidelines for the number of speakers a language needs before you add it in a given area?  Some minority languages are thriving, and others are close to dying off, so I was wondering whether you have decided on a rule of thumb (e.g., 10% to get shading, and 50% to get a solid colour)?
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:icontwidmann:
twidmann Featured By Owner Jan 31, 2018  New Deviant
Scots is missing from Scotland (see for instance the map on this page: scotshaunbuik.co.uk/wp/?p=1219). You can get accurate data from the Scottish 2011 census.
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:iconzangdook:
zangdook Featured By Owner Jan 26, 2018  New Deviant
The two separately coloured areas within Ukraine are both numbered 25. Surely the southern part including Crimea should be 23.
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:iconrobert-smallshire:
robert-smallshire Featured By Owner Jan 26, 2018  New Deviant
No distinction between the Bokmal and Nynorsk forms of Norwegian. Nynorsk is used in western Norway. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bokm…  There's a good map on the Nynorsk page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nynorsk.

You also don't have the Sami languages, spoken in northern Scandinavia. Map here: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sami_lan…
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:icontwidmann:
twidmann Featured By Owner Jan 31, 2018  New Deviant
Bokmål and Nynorsk aren't really separate languages, but different ways to write the same language. Norwegians tend to speak their local dialects and then write either Bokmål og Nynorsk.
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:iconlouishp81:
LouisHP81 Featured By Owner Jan 25, 2018
Hello Blomma. Very nice map ! A suggestion for the next version : it would be very interesting to put the city names in the language of their area. For example, Toulouse is a French administrative name but the "real" name of the city is Tolosa, in Occitan. The same goes for the catalan Alacant (Alicante in Spanish), and certainly many others ! Thank you for your great work.
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:iconalienllamax:
alienllamax Featured By Owner Jan 25, 2018  New Deviant
You missed South Tyrol completely, with a majority of German speakers in many areas.

There are also minorities of Slovenian speakers in the south Austria (in Carinthia)
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:iconjjohnson1701:
JJohnson1701 Featured By Owner Jan 4, 2018
Good job!
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:iconkarjalainen123:
Karjalainen123 Featured By Owner Nov 1, 2017

Привет! Не знаешь расселение народов Российской Федерации, тогда не рисуй "так"!!!!! Претензия --  Расселение Карельского народа не правильно... Мы полностью заселяем территорию Республики но не везде подавляющее население Карелы.. Олонецкий, Муезерский и Калевальский районы полностью заселены на 90% Карелами!!! В остальных районах от 20 до 50%... Также отмечаю -- а где Тверские, Новгородские и Ленинградские Карелы??? Да, информация в большинстве не точная, но это же есть на Википедии... Численность Карел занижается из-за дискриминационной политики русского правительства в отношении "Восточной" Карелии"... Хорошо, но почему не отмечены Карелы в "Западной" (Финской) Карелии?!?! Конечно обидно что финны считают нас неотъемлемой частью "своего" народа... хотя это не так -- все равно что объединить в один народ Шведов и Норвежцев.

 

Все что севернее и восточней Волги -- малозаселенные территории (если в среднем в РФ 8 человек на км2, то за Волгой от 4 до 6 чел... Перед Волгой от 30 чел./км2. только Москва концентрирует пятую часть (1/5) общего населения России.).. Очень большой отток русского населения в Центральный Федеральный Округ и на Юг (теперь и в Крым) Народонаселение изменяется в худшую сторону. Русские ежегодно сокращаются (в так называемых "Русских" регионах) как население на 800.000 чел. (не рожают детей, алкоголь, наркотики, СПИД и др.) ежегодно (но, нужно отметить рост рождаемости в у других народов РФ, кроме славянских народов)! Их место занимают иммигранты (не славянского происхождения) из республик СССР, Китая и других стран Азии. Поэтому стоит (!) заштриховать территории мегаполисов России как территории массово заселяемые мигрантами. Поэтому Россия так хочет "отгрызть" от Украины территории с русским населением, чтобы компенсировать как нибудь потери у себя в стране! Отобрав Крым как известно РФ получила 2 миллиона русских. Плюс -- неконтролируемый выезд за рубеж в другие страны граждан России. Если говорят по русски то это не значит что это русские...

 

 

Российская Федерация повторит к сожалению "опыт" СССР в не отдаленном будущем! Есть смысл предугадать как будет выглядеть мир Евро-Сибири после краха... Я думаю, что Россия сократится до катастрофических размеров. Земли областей (северней и восточней Волги где нет этнического по крови большинства русских) будут делить Европейские и Сибирские Республики и Автономные Округа. Возможно обретут государственность народы РФ которые еще не имеют даже автономности. думаю не меньше 20-25 государств появится в пост-РФ (как в пост-СССР). Финно-угорские и Самодийские  Регионы могут объединится в единую страну. Есть еще вариант что Китай оккупирует все что восточнее Енисея а Япония что восточнее Амура. тьфу тьфу но вдруг случится и это будет просто ужас!!!!!!

 

Я НЕ считаю себя Националистом или симпатизирующим Сепаратизму (а также любым тенденциям), но я не настолько слеп чтобы не видеть то дерьмо что началось в 2005-2012 годах и продолжается сейчас.

 

 Этнически чистых (на 100%) народов нет. В РФ живет по данным Росстата 19 млн. чел. Финно-угорского происхождения, а сколько Самодийцев они и сейчас не могут предположить (подчеркиваю не всего а именно представителей народа у которых оба родителя (и отец и мать) из одного народа)... Ассимилированные - не учитываются.

Ты меня наверно не поймешь... извини...

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:iconfrankcesco:
FrankCesco Featured By Owner Oct 28, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
In the next version, can you add the strips in western Istria since has many Italian speakers?
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:iconvolchonok1:
Volchonok1 Featured By Owner Aug 1, 2017  Professional Digital Artist
Missing abkhaz language - en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abkhaz_l… . Should be located in northweast of Georgia (or in partially recognized Abkhaz republic, depends on who you ask).
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:iconommuhels:
Ommuhels Featured By Owner Jul 10, 2017
this map is wrong as fuck
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:iconillouminous:
Illouminous Featured By Owner Jun 30, 2017
Gibraltar is english speaking, Ceuta and Melilla speak spanish.
I think some people in the channel islands still speak some norman french dialect... Not sure how prevalent it is though.
Arlon/Arel no longer is german-speaking.
That's all I can think of for now. You did an awesome job though! :D
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:iconforcedlactationlover:
Forcedlactationlover Featured By Owner Dec 22, 2016  Hobbyist Writer
Greenland basically speaks Danish, which is Indo-European. The Inuit speak their own tongue, not related to any European language, but there aren't many of them there (mostly in Canada).
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:icontwidmann:
twidmann Featured By Owner Jan 31, 2018  New Deviant
There are many more Inuit than Danes in Greenland.
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:iconforcedlactationlover:
Forcedlactationlover Featured By Owner Edited Jan 31, 2018  Hobbyist Writer
Maybe, but there really aren't a lot of any group, Greenland not being heavily inhabited.

About Brussels, it's more split than Walloon(French) dominated, and, as I understand it, the immediate surrounding area is mostly Flemish (Dutch). As I read about these things, the Flemish-speaking proportion of Belgium's population is slowly, but steadily increasing. Don't know how to reflect that on a linguistic map, which does, after all, reflect a particular moment in time. Also, as I understand it, Serbian and Croat are the same language; the difference is religious (the Serbs - Orthodox, the Croats - Roman Catholic), not linguistic.
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:iconrajmondas:
rajmondas Featured By Owner Jul 20, 2016
Missing Polish minority in Ukraine
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:iconlatexiana:
LaTexiana Featured By Owner Feb 11, 2016  Student Digital Artist
I'm considering making a similar map for North America, South America, or a combined America, but I'm somewhat nervous because of the sheer diversity of indigenous languages and how sparse and spread out many of the native speakers are. 
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:icon1blomma:
1Blomma Featured By Owner Feb 13, 2016
Good luck!
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:iconlatexiana:
LaTexiana Featured By Owner Feb 13, 2016  Student Digital Artist
Thanks. I'll need it whenever I get around to starting it. 
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:iconmirandabrawner:
MirandaBrawner Featured By Owner Jan 18, 2016
This looks wonderful! I admire your work.
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:iconlorec10:
LoreC10 Featured By Owner Jan 3, 2016
hey, looking back at this map I was thinking to myself, you could make German areas in north-west Italy striped as they speak both German dialect and Italian ;) (Wink) 
also maybe you could add add as stripped, Sardinian, Albanian and Greek minorities in Italy
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:iconkarkharokles:
karkharokles Featured By Owner Aug 31, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
beautiful map, just one note: Abkhaz is spoken in the northwest corner of Georgia.
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:iconr-r-eco:
R-R-Eco Featured By Owner Jun 4, 2015  Hobbyist Writer
Wonderful map!
Maybe you should also include the Albanian and Greek minorities in southern Italy.
Oh, and the Sardinian too!
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:iconmaine86:
Maine86 Featured By Owner May 2, 2015
According to this map, only tiny parts of Ireland and Scotland are Gaelic-speaking while half of Brittany is Breton-speaking... Anti-French language spotted! And I'm mostly Breton.
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:iconcampbellf:
CampbellF Featured By Owner Apr 14, 2015
I would probably change the name of the 'Scottish' language to 'Gaelic', as this could create confusion with the Scots language, which is similar to English.
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:icontwidmann:
twidmann Featured By Owner Jan 31, 2018  New Deviant
Indeed. Nobody in Scotland calls Gaelic "Scottish".  It's called Gaelic or Scottish Gaelic.
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:iconyamalama1986:
YamaLama1986 Featured By Owner Feb 24, 2015   Digital Artist
Excellent work. :)
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:iconsjancok:
sjancok Featured By Owner Oct 25, 2014   Writer
I. Well, all Slovak enclaves are missing:
1/ In southern Slovakia, there are enclaves north of the Danube near Komarno, and also in so called Matyasfold /between your line and flow of Maly Dunaj/
2/ In Hungary there are slovak language enclaves in Pilis (between Esztergom and Budapest), in the southern half of Nograd county (20 villages of compact slovak settlement) and overlapping the northeast of Pest county, in the Komarom county around Tata and Oroszlany, in the Borsod -Abauj - Zemplen county (in the Bukk mountains and in the Zemplenyi Mnts), and also great spread of enclaves in Bekes County (Bekescaba, Tot-Komlos etc)

www.szlovak-szarvas.sulinet.hu…

3/ In Romania there are slovak language enclaves in the Nadlak and in the Bihar county,
sk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slov…

4/In the Vojvodina there are six official languages among them also slovak and ruthenian (neither depicted in the map) slovak enclaves are in the Backa, Srem and also southern Banat.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vojvodin…

5/ Slovak enclaves in Subcarpathia are encircling the Uzhgorod and also there are more enclaves around Mukaceve and in the Uh and Uzok valley.

www.hks.re/wiki1/doku.php?id=s…

6/ Slovak enclaves of Northern Spis and Upper Orava.

II. Ukraine is very simplicized, russian speaking areas are not depicted resp. depicted as mixed, but in fact areas now held by russian separatist in Ukraine has been long ago predominantly russian speaking, also main part of Crimea while crimean Steppe was settled with crimean Tatar majority (not depicted), in the Zaporozhie Oblast there is areas with clear majority of bulgarian and even greek speakers. Also in southern Transnistria there is bulgarian enclave and in Southern Bessarabia there are gagauzian communities (not only in Moldova where they enjoy autonomy) and large bulgarian language communities. 
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:iconhayden120:
Hayden120 Featured By Owner May 24, 2014
Fantastic work. I want to print this and put it on my wall! Minor suggestion: I recommend that the legend be revised for "Rhaeto-Romance" and "Serbo-Croatian", because currently they look like sub-groups of Occitan and Slovenian. Perhaps they should be in-line with the other languages in their respective families (Romance and Slavic) but grouped with labelled curly brackets.
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:iconandrn:
Andrn Featured By Owner May 24, 2014
Oh, some other things I noticed:

1. Bulgarian is missing from Dimitrovgrad region (eastern Serbia); there are also some Vlach (Romanian) areas in NE Serbia, but they're quite minor
upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia…

2. There are some Serbian small enclaves in eastern and southern Kosovo
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Kos…

3. Nr. 31 in Romania is in fact Croatian
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Rom…
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:iconandrn:
Andrn Featured By Owner May 24, 2014
It's a beautiful map. Well done!

Apart form some minor details this is one one of the best European linguistic maps I've seen so far.
Some of the corrections I think are needed:

1.Perhaps Kashubian should also be depicted (if Sorbian is depicted I see no reson why Kashubian shouldn't be)
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Cas…

2. Some regional languages are missing from western Ukraine
- Hungarian in Transcarpatia: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Etn…
- Romanian in Transcarpatia, Chernivtsi Oblast and south Odessa Oblast
- Bulgarian in south Odessa Oblast
upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia…

3. The whole of southern Ukraine is shown as bilingual (Russsian-Ukrainian), although for example Kherson is over 70% Ukrainain-speaking, and in the Odessa Oblast only the city of Odessa and some isolated villages are mostly Russian-speaking.

4. Maybe Kiev, Riga, Liepaja (Latvia) and Chisinau (Moldavia) should be depicted as bilingual, as there are home to important Russian-speaking populations.

5. Transnistria should be classified as rather Russian-Romanian instead of Russian-Ukrainian. Most of the Ukrainians in Transnistria are Russian speakers.

Cheers
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:iconginart:
GINart Featured By Owner May 14, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
On the North-West of Catalonia they speak Occitan (Aranese variant), and is more used, the 65% of the population in "Vall d'Aran.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aranese_…
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:iconcd196:
cd196 Featured By Owner May 5, 2014
The non-inhabited areas should be white i think, see: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Eth…

or less colorful if rarely inhabited: www.sulinet.hu/oroksegtar/data… (shown in 4 steps),

otherwise people have the impression e.g: Scandinavia has the same population like Germany.

Really nice maps anyway, keep it going on!
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:iconrodegas:
Rodegas Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2014
hungarians in slovakia = 8.5% !
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:icondjino:
Djino Featured By Owner Mar 23, 2014
You should include Sardininan language
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:icondjino:
Djino Featured By Owner Mar 24, 2014
As well as luxembourgish (instead of german) and alsatian (instead of german)
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:iconarminius1871:
Arminius1871 Featured By Owner Mar 17, 2015
alsatian and luxembourgish are german dialects. Else he would have to make
lower german, bavarian, saxon, austrian german etc. also extra.
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:iconamcalmaron:
AMCAlmaron Featured By Owner Mar 15, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Would Arpitan be worth including, or is it too small to show? en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arpitan
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:iconshikku27316:
Shikku27316 Featured By Owner Mar 7, 2014
Do you consider Manx and Cornish to be dead and not worthy to be on the map?
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:iconlowtuff:
Lowtuff Featured By Owner Aug 29, 2015
Neither are dead, but speakers of such comprise such a small minority of their local populations that they don't qualify as the mother tongue of any area of the map.
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:iconshikku27316:
Shikku27316 Featured By Owner Aug 30, 2015
I get it. I think I posted this comment way back in my militant Cornish revival phase. And I still agree that it should be revived, I'm just not militant anymore.
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:iconme2ftw:
ME2FTW Featured By Owner Mar 2, 2014
You forgot to add the Greek minority in southern Albania :)
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:iconximphron:
Ximphron Featured By Owner Mar 1, 2014
I would like to see Venetian on the map, it is spoken by many people in this area:
(Map of Venetian dialects).
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:iconyohuan15:
YOhuan15 Featured By Owner Feb 7, 2014  Student Artist
NICE! but you forgot Italian in Istria and Dalmazia...
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:iconspartacusgr:
SpartacusGR Featured By Owner Jan 23, 2014
You mean "Slavomacedonian" not "Macedonian" please fix it !!!
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:icon1blomma:
1Blomma Featured By Owner Jan 23, 2014
No, its name is Macedonian
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